Mass Probation

***For ongoing work on Mass Probation and Health see here.


Winkelman, Phelps, Mitchell, Jennings, and Shlafer. 2020. “Physical Health and Disability among Adults on Community Supervision in the United States.” Journal of Correctional Health Care.

Phelps. 2020. “Mass Probation Across the U.S.: States’ Control Regimes from 1980 to 2016” in Criminal Justice Theory: Explanation and Effects, Cecilia Chouhy, Joshua C. Cochran, and Cheryl Lero Jonson (Eds.). New York, NY: Routledge.

Phelps, Michelle S. 2020. “Mass Probation from Micro to Macro: Tracing the Expansion and Consequences of Community Supervision.” Annual Review of Criminology.

Phelps (2018). Ending Mass Probation: Sentencing, Supervision, and Revocation. Future of Children 28(1): 125-146.

Phelps (2018). Mass Probation and Inequality: Race, Class, and Gender Disparities in Supervision and Revocation. Handbook on Punishment Decisions: Locations of Disparity, ASC Division on Corrections & Sentencing.

Phelps (2017). Discourses of Mass Probation: From Managing Risk to Reforming Punishment in Michigan. British Journal of Criminology.

Rubin & Phelps (2017). Fracturing the Penal State: State Actors and the Role of Conflict in Penal Change. Theoretical Criminology 21(4): 422-440.

Phelps & Curry (2017). Supervision in the Community: Probation and Parole. Oxford Research Encyclopedia.

Phelps (2017). Mass Probation: Toward a More Robust Theory of State Variation in Punishment. Punishment & Society 19(1): 53-73.

Phelps (2015). The Curious Disappearance of Sociological Research on Probation Supervision. Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Annual 7: 1-30.

Phelps (2013). The Paradox of Probation: Community Supervision in the Age of Mass Incarceration. Law & Policy 35(1-2): 51-80.

My Grand Challenges team, pictured here with special guest speaker Bruce Western.