Replication Files

The sections below list in chronological order all of the quantitative papers I've published using public (or restricted-use) datasets. Each set of publications includes links to the articles and the original datasets, followed by the STATA do files. (These files should open in STATA or Notepad.)

Phelps (2013). The Paradox of Probation: Community Supervision in the Age of Mass Incarceration. Law & Policy 35(1-2): 51-80.

Phelps (2017). Mass Probation: Toward a More Robust Theory of State Variation in Punishment. Punishment & Society 19(1): 53-73.

These two papers used Bureau of Justice Statistics data on annual probation and prison totals. For the most up-to-date statistics, I recommend using their newer Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool. For crime statistics from the UCR, I recommend visiting Jacob Kaplan's website.

Phelps, Michelle S. 2018. “Mass Probation and Inequality: Race, Class, and Gender Disparities in Supervision and Revocation.” In Handbook on Punishment Decisions: Locations of Disparity (p. 43-66), Jeffrey T. Ulmer and Mindy Bradley (Eds.), ASC Division on Corrections and Sentencing Handbook Series (V. 2). New York, NY: Routledge.

This papers used two sets of data. First, I used the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), a household survey directed by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), to estimate the demographic composition of adults on probation in the community. Second, I used the Survey of Inmates of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series and Survey of Inmates in Local Jails to estimate the demographic composition of people behind bars who were on probation at the time of arrest. NOTE: I used the restricted version of the two BJS datasets because they included a facility stratum variable needed to calculate the precise standard errors (instead of a general variance estimate).